- ANIMAL’S RIGHTS
ANIMAL’S PROTECTION: A CITIZENSHIP AND ENVIRONMENTAL CONSCIOUSNESS ACT
The animals always existed, forming the environment, and besides, a long before human existence in the Earth, it was already inhabited by animals, the dinosaurs.
For this reason that we must pay attention to the animal’s importance in our life and for environmental conservation, as the balanced and healthy environment is formed by a whole, from which we depend on for the maintenance of our life’s quality and for our own existence and surviving.
Besides, considering the great importance of the animals in our life, that Brazilian legislation is carefully dealing with the animal’s legal protection.
In 1934 it was published the Decree nº 24.645, still valid, establishing ways to animal’s protection.
The Brazilian Federal Constitution (1988) also brings the animal’s protection in its body, article 225, that deals about environment, and in its §1º, VII it says that it is the State obligation protecting fauna and flora, and prohibiting the practices that may cause risks to the ecological function, and that provokes species extinction or subdues animals to cruelty.
Finally, in 1998, it was published the Federal Law nº 9.605, the Environmental Crimes Law, establishing criminal and administrative penalties for environmental violation, and special distinction to the article 32, “caput”, that protects all kinds of animals from abuse, bad-treats, injure and mutilation.
So, we must emphasize that all animals are sheltered in our legislation, and any act that causes prejudice to an animal is a crime, no matter if it is a rare wild animal in extinction or a stray animal walking through the streets.
Besides, environmental preservation is a citizenship act and our obligation. Let’s think about it!
Universal Declaration of Animals Rights
- Article 1
All animals have equal rights to exist within the context of biological equilibrium. This equality of rights does not overshadow the diversity of species and of individuals.
- Article 2
All animal life has the right to be respected.
- Article 3
1°- Animals must not be subjected to bad treatments or to cruel acts.
2°- If it is necessary to kill an animal, it must be instantaneous, painless and cause no apprehension.
3°- A dead animal must be treated with decency.
- Article 4
1°- Wild animals have the right to live and to reproduce in freedom in their own natural environment. 2°- The prolonged deprivation of the freedom of wild animals, hunting and fishing practised as a pastime, as well as any use of wild animals for reasons that are not vital, are contrary to this fundamental right.
- Article 5
1°- Any animal which is dependent on man has the right to proper sustenance and care.
2°- It must under no circumstances be abandoned or killed unjustifiably.
3°- All forms of breeding and uses of the animal must respect the physiology and behaviour specific to the species.
4°- Exhibitions, shows and films involving animals must also respect their dignity and must not include any violence whatsoever.
- Article 6
1°- Experiments on animals entailing physical or psychological suffering violate the rights of animals.
2°-Replacement methods must be developed and systematically implemented.
- Article 7
Any act unnecessary involving the death of an animal, and any decision leading to such an act, constitute a crime against life.
- Article 8
1°- Any act compromising the survival of a wild species and any decision leading to such an act are tantamount to genocide, that is to say, a crime against the species.
2°- The massacre of wild animals, and the pollution and destruction of biotopes are acts of genocide.
- Article 9
1°- The specific legal status of animals and their rights must be recognised by law. 2°- The protection and safety of animals must be represented at the level of Governmental organizations.
- Article 10
Educational and schooling authorities must ensure that citizens learn from childhood to observe, understand and respect animals.
Text in collaboration by Renata de Freitas Martins