- WILDLIFE PARKS/ ZOOS
1. ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION
Zoos reach million people all around the world. Big part of these people lives at urban areas and has little or no contact to nature. They visit zoos because in some way they are interested on animals. Besides the interesting level, zoos offer an opportunity for education, making them as a big potential of attraction for the public and making them conscious of the importance of nature’s conservation. They are also visited by a significant number of people coming from the country, what can be translated in stimulus for the preservation of local species.
It also promotes attention and understanding of the natural world’s interdependence and shows to community, interactive exhibitions, participative and educational, besides activities that represents its relation, that are subsidies for environmental education.
2. SPECIES CONSERVATION
A very important part of zoos nowadays is to call attention of biologists and veterinarians to the preservation of threatened species. This can be comprovated for being the reproduction of threatened species the higher point of zoos, and consequently the success of modern zoos, that nowadays are divided in conservation ex situ (reproduction of threatened animals at zoos areas) and in situ (of threatened animals at natural areas, far from the zoos areas). As example of this last one, AZA (American Zoological Association) coordinates around 650 conservation projects all around the world.
At zoo institutions are developed scientific researches, being as multiple ways, among them as conservation centers. This way, zoos and aquariums must maintain sustainable relations of human race to nature, explain the ecosystem values and the necessities of conserving biological diversity and practicing the preservationist ethic by zoos operations.
4. DEVELOPMENT AND PROFESSIONAL IMPROVEMENT
The development and professional improvement are in expansion at modern zoos, providing opportunities and specialization of a lot of new professional categories. Distinction for the zoos technicians, animals keepers and supervisors.
Important participation of zoos at the list of options for families leisure, especially for children, that have at the zoo of their city the bigger opportunity of contact to aspects and notions of ecology and environment, besides knowing the big variety of animals species.
6. FUTURE MISSION
Zoo must reach its mission by teaching and practicing conservation, as much as in situ and ex situ, contributing for the discovering of biological knowledge, offering appreciable opportunities, educational and recreative with familiar participation and instigating all the people that visit them the growing of adventure and discovering sense.
The zoos from the century XXI must be repictured as a corner against biological impoverish; a time machine maintaining the continuous because of the diminution of populations of savage life; a corridor for careful of parks and reserves; and more than ever, first introduction of humanity to savage life, promoting the environmental aptitude and recruiting centers for conservationists.